While its status as the city where the president lives has been a source of pride for Bogor in West Java, it has also placed a great responsibility on the shoulders of the local government, especially in terms of traffic management.
Indeed, downtown Bogor is home to both the Bogor Presidential Palace and the Bogor Botanical Gardens, famous since the days of Indonesia’s first President Soekarno.
The city is famous as a place of rest given its cool climate, which contrasts with the polluted city of Jakarta.
The city of Bogor, often referred to as a buffer for Jakarta, has grown rapidly, with a corresponding increase in the number of vehicles plying its roads.
City mayors have often faced challenges in managing traffic while being constrained by a lack of understanding among motorists, street traders and the general public about maintaining traffic order.
However, the Bogor city government has continued to make efforts to improve road infrastructure and other transportation facilities.
When President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) and his family chose to live in Bogor Palace in 2015, Bogor Mayor Bima Arya Sugiarto enthusiastically welcomed them, saying it would be an honor to follow the development of the city where the president would live.
Sugiarto said he would prioritize improving traffic flow in the city and raised the “Bogor Lancaror the slogan “Smooth Bogor”.
At the time, Sugiarto was well aware that managing transport would not be easy. Based on the latest data from the West Java provincial government, the number of vehicles owned in the city of Bogor has increased from 379,724 in 2013 to 462,030 in 2021.
Another significant increase occurred in the number of motorbikes and motorbikes, which increased from 310,097 to 359,716.
The increase in the number of motorized vehicles was triggered by the city’s population growth, which reached 1,052,359 in 2021, according to Statistics Indonesia (BPS).
Meanwhile, daily public mobility on various modes of transport within and outside the city was estimated at 200,000 people.
Build road infrastructure
To cope with the traffic jams, the Bogor city administration first focused on improving the condition of the roads, including revitalizing some pedestrian lanes to prevent street traders from using them, which had long disturbed the traffic order.
The policy of restoring the use of sidewalks is also accompanied by the planting of green plants and trees along the roadside, as well as the development of a small lane for cyclists.
As a result, in recent years, pedestrian and vehicular traffic has not been disturbed by street vendors, especially on ceremonial roads such as Pajajaran Main Road, Otista Street, Ir. H. Djuanda Street, which surrounds the Bogor Palace, Bogor Botanical Gardens, Bogor Market and Suryakencana area.
This feat was possible due to the cooperation of the city government with the Bogor City Police to implement a one-way system (SSA) in these streets. This not only allowed President Widodo and the Paspampers (Presidential Security Force) to leave and return smoothly, but the public also felt the improvement in traffic congestion, especially in the city center.
However, a number of obstacles still exist, such as the narrowed stretch of road over the Otista Bridge that often leaves vehicles stranded.
Therefore, the Bogor City Government has proposed a budget of Rs 52.5 billion for the widening of the bridge to the Provincial Government of West Java and proceeded with land acquisition for the purpose.
In addition, the local government has paid attention to residents living at the borders, where the construction plan for the regional ring road (R3) in Katulampa village is already underway and will be included in the development budget in 2023.
The administration has also started construction of the 4.5 km long Peripheral Road (R2) in the area of North Bogor sub-district for which Rs 150 billion is required for land acquisition.
The Bogor City Government continued to work with the central government and the private sector to manage the city’s transportation facilities and infrastructure to remove bottlenecks and reduce the number of small buses (angkot), as much angkots are no longer considered to be in working order.
Since 2021, the city government hosts the “Biskita Trans Pakuan” bus service which is subsidized by the Ministry of Transport through the Greater Jakarta (Jabodetabek) Transport Management Agency (BPTJ).
So far 147 angkots were converted to 49 Biskita Trans Pakuan buses which serve four lanes, traveling from the city center to the outskirts.
The conversion program should reduce the number of angkots operating in the city to 3,432 by 2024.
In addition, operating licenses were revoked for 1,010 angkots which were 20 years old and had not been refurbished by their owners.
The city also continued to push the BPTJ to revitalize the Baranangsiang terminal to help organize the province’s intercity transportation (AKDP).
BPTJ would also explore a public-private partnership to manage the Baranangsiang terminal.
On a larger scale, the city of Bogor is awaiting the operations of the Greater Jakarta Light Rail which will serve Jakarta, Cibubur and Bogor.
Plan for the future
In December 2021, during a year-end interview, Mayor Sugiarto, accompanied by Deputy Mayor Rachim, stressed the importance of preparing the city’s tourism and service industry before the transfer of the national capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan.
On average, hotel occupancy in this rainy city depends on the activities of ministries and agencies. The city must therefore equip itself by hosting more regional and even international events.
Public transport modes such as “Biskita Trans Pakuan” and Greater Jakarta LRT that pass through theme villages are expected to promote economic equality across all regions and reduce the number of vehicles entering the city.
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